We often find the terms theoretical and conceptual frameworks used interchangeably, inconsistently or not used at all. One way of looking at this is to see the theoretical framework as the lens through which the data will be viewed – for example in our case studies section we have examples of activity theory, actor network theory, three zones theory and so on, all of which serves as frames for data analysis. A conceptual framework is often seen as something broader and may offer a critical examination of key term – see for example how authors address the concept of community in the entry on conceptual clarification. The conceptual framework clarifies the key terms and suggests how those terms fit together. Those following a deductive or more positivist approach sometimes link the hypotheses they are about to test to a conceptual framework, see for examplethe paper on factor analysis.
The question for you is whether you are using an explicit theoretical / conceptual framework in your study and are such frameworks useful or necessary?
The coronavirus disease 2019 is produced by a new virus for which currently there is no pharmaceutical treatment. The dynamics of the disease are such that, in the absence of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs), it overwhelms the capacity of national health care systems. Hence, governments chose to enact NPIs to contain the spread of the Coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic.
This note offers a conceptual framework for analyzing the economic impact of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and considers some policy implications. It is a general note, limited in scope, covering fundamentals that are likely to affect a typical developing economy.
Parker, J.; Simpson, G.D. A Theoretical Framework for Bolstering Human-Nature Connections and Urban Resilience via Green Infrastructure. Land 2020, 9, 252.
Conceptual model of the interrelationships between the twin crises of climate change and declining human health in urban centers and mitigation and mediation measures offered by the Urban Resilience Theory (URT) and the Human-Nature Connection Theory (HNCT).